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Equestrian events were first included in the modern Olympic Games in
1900. By 1912, all three Olympic disciplines still seen today were
part of the games. The following forms of competition are recognized
worldwide and are a part of the equestrian events at the Olympics.
They are governed by the rules of the International Federation for
Equestrian Sports (FEI).
Dressage ("training" in French) involves the progressive training of
the horse to a high level of impulsion, collection, and obedience.
Competitive dressage has the goal of showing the horse carrying out,
on request, the natural movements that it performs without thinking
while running loose.
Show jumping comprises a timed event judged on the ability of the
horse and rider to jump over a series of obstacles, in a given order
and with the fewest refusals or knockdowns of portions of the
Eventing, also called combined training, horse trials, the three-day
event, the Military, or the complete test, puts together the
obedience of dressage with the athletic ability of show jumping, the
fitness demands the cross-country jumping phase. In the last-named,
the horses jump over fixed obstacles, such as logs, stone walls,
banks, ditches, and water, trying to finish the course under the
"optimum time." There was also the 'Steeple Chase' Phase, which is
now excluded from most major competitions to bring them in line with
the Olympic standard.
Equestrian order, one of the upper classes in ancient Rome
Equestrian statue, a statue of a leader on horseback
Equestrian nomads, one of various nomadic or semi-nomadic ethnic
groups whose culture places special emphasis on horse breeding and
Humans appear to have long expressed a desire to know which horse
(or horses) were the fastest, and horse racing has ancient roots.
Gambling on horse races appears to go hand-in hand with racing and
has a long history as well. Thoroughbreds have the pre-eminent
reputation as a racing breed, but other breeds also race.